|Corridors of Freedom||Re-stitching our City to create a new future||1193 kB|
Corridors of Freedom for a people-centred city
The City of Johannesburg is embarking on new spatial plans in line with Joburg 2040, the Growth Development Strategy, based on transport-orientated development. The shape of the future city will consist of well-planned transport arteries – the Corridors of Freedom – linked to interchanges where the focus will be on mixed-use development. Joburgers will then not have to use private motorised transport but can opt for the alternative means, which include cycling, bus lanes and pedestrian walkways.
Access to Opportunity
In the medium term - 2016
- Soweto to the Central Business District (CBD) along Perth Empire
- CBD to Alexandra
- Alexandra to Sandton
- Turfontein node
- Mining Belt
In the long term - 2040
- Sandton/Randburg to Diepsloot
- Alexandra to Ivory Park
Apartheid spatial planning has left the city with sprawling low-density areas without viable public transport systems. The majority of working class and poor citizens are still living on the fringes of the CBD and have to commute distances to get to work.
Private car use is a significant driver of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the city. A 10%shift of private car users to public transport for their daily commute will result in an 8% reduction in energy consumption.
Future planning must address sustainability and inequity. The most efficient urban form is compact, mixed land-use with an extensive public transport network that includes high intensity movement corridors and with attractive environments for walking and cycling.
Such a compact city is energy efficient, provides residents with greater access to services, promotes social cohesion and creates a vibrant urban environment.
The Corridors of Freedom Key Features Are:
- Safe neighbourhoods designed for cycling and walking, with sufficient facilities and attractive street conditions;
- Safe complete streets with features to calm traffic, control vehicle speeds and discourage private transport use;
- Mixed-use developments where residential areas, office parks, shops, schools and other public services are close together, stimulating economic activity and creating opportunities for emerging entrepreneurs;
- Rich and poor, black and white living side by side - housing options provided cover a range of types - including rental accommodation - and prices;
- Limited managed parking to reduce the amount of land devoted to parking and further discourage the use of private transport; and
- Convenient transit stops and stations.
Developing Dedicated Transport Corridors Holds a Number of Advantages for Joburg:
- The City will focus productive land use and economic activities in areas where transport infrastructure – rail and road – are already present or being planned;
- The demand for private motorised transport will be reduced and the average trip length will be shortened;
- Public transport will become a viable alternative because residents will live in closer proximity to work, shopping and leisure opportunities;
- High-density housing will stimulate opportunities for the SMME sector and small-scale operators in the informal economy;
- The environmental impact of public transport in high-density areas will be significantly smaller than in the case of low-density urban sprawl reliant on private cars;
- Residents will benefit because they will not have to spend so much time and money on transport;
- Learners will benefit because they will be closer to schools;
- Unemployed people will benefit because it will be easier to get to places to look for work;
- Factories will benefit because workers will come to work on time;
- Shopping centres and hawkers will benefit along the corridors and nodes due to increased numbers of people passing their shops;
- Our environment (and our lungs) will benefit with less private car use and the associated dangerous carbon emissions;
- Construction and other related industries will benefit because of the job opportunities throughout the lifetime of the project.